Пекин, 1 декабря /Синьхуа/ -- В пятницу председатель КНР Си Цзиньпин встретился в Пекине с председателем Народной партии Камбоджи, премьер-министром страны Хун Сеном.
Отношения между Китаем и Камбоджей переживают наилучший период в истории. Стороны непрерывно укрепляют политическое взаимодоверие, расширяют практическое сотрудничество и активизируют гуманитарное взаимодействие, и все это принесло их народам реальные выгоды, отметил на встрече Си Цзиньпин, который также является генеральным секретарем ЦК КПК.
Китайский лидер подчеркнул, что Коммунистическая партия Китая и китайское правительство всегда рассматривают развитие отношений с Камбоджей с позиции стратегической высоты и долгосрочной перспективы.
Камбоджа все время оказывает твердую поддержку Китаю в вопросах, касающихся его ключевых интересов, а Китай поддерживает те усилия, прилагаемые камбоджийским правительством для обеспечения развития и стабильности в государстве, напомнил он.
Хун Сен отметил, что камбоджийскую сторону удовлетворяет развитие отношений с Китаем. При этом Камбоджа надеется на поднятие двусторонних отношений на еще более высокий уровень.
Хун Сен …
Даже краткое изложение его биографии могло бы дать заработок новым Дюма (отцу и сыну :) ) на годы и годы вперёд, конечно, если бы таковые романисты нашлись сегодня.
Мы же заглянем лишь по одной веточке.
Одной, но архилюбопытной:
Hun Sen was born in Kampong Cham as Hun Bunal, the third of six children in a peasant family. His father, Hun Neang, was a resident monk in a local Wat in Kampong Cham province before defrocking himself to join the French resistance and marry Hun Sen's mother, Dee Yon, in the 1940s. Hun Neang's paternal grandparents were wealthy landowners of Teochew Chinese heritage.
Chinese Cambodians are Cambodian people of Chinese or partial Chinese descent. The Khmer term Khmer kat Chen (ខ្មែរកាត់ចិន) is used for people of mixed Cambodian and Chinese descent while Khmer Chen (ខ្មែរចិន) can mean Cambodian-born citizens of Chinese ancestry (Khmer is the majority ethnic group of Cambodia and Chen means "Chinese" in the Khmer language). During the late 1960s and early 1970s, they were the largest ethnic minority in Cambodia; there were an estimated 425,000. However, by 1984, there were only 61,400 Cambodians of Chinese ancestry left. That has been attributed to a combination of warfare, economic stagnation, the Khmer Rouge, and emigration. There are, however, tens of thousands of mixed Chinese and Khmer ancestry.
Chinese Cambodians are a well established middle class ethnic group and are well represented in all levels of Cambodian society. Chinese Cambodians also play a leading role in Cambodia's business sector and dominate the Cambodian economy today. In addition, Chinese Cambodians have a strong presence in Cambodia's political scene with many high ranking government officials and much of the political elite being of partial Chinese descent.
Of particular note is China's economic role in the country, which encouraged Sino-Khmer businessmen to reestablish their past business which were once suppressed by the Khmer Rouge. Modern Cambodian economy is highly dependent on Sino-Khmer companies who controlled a large stake in the country's economy,and their support is enhanced by the large presence of lawmakers who are of at least part-Chinese ancestry themselves.
The Chinese language study is increasing in Phnom Penh, with the subject recently added to the national curriculum at the university level. Many Cambodians of ethnic Chinese descent learn Chinese for employment as well as business reasons due to the fact as many Mainland Chinese investors are investing across the Cambodian economy.
The position of the Chinese minority has undergone a dramatic turn for the better and the Chinese seem to have regained much of their previous economic clout. For various reasons, including the growing economic collaboration between China and Cambodia and the huge investments being made by Chinese companies, the Chinese community has seen its numbers expand dramatically in the 2000s (decade). There has been a huge growth in Chinese-language schools, often generously supported by the government of China through subsidies, and also in the production of textbooks (in Chinese) that incorporate Cambodian history and seminars for teachers. There may be close to 100 such schools today (2007). One of these private schools claims to be the largest overseas Chinese school in the world, with some 10,000 students. A number of Chinese-language newspapers began to be published in the country after 1993, and state television broadcasting even included a news segment in Chinese after 1998. All of the main political parties in Cambodia now appear sensitive to the clout of the Chinese minority, publishing campaign material in Chinese in the last elections. While this minority faced serious discrimination until the 1980s, it appears that that period has come to an end and that they no longer appear to be victimized by state authorities and are allowed to prosper under Hun Sen.
Many Chinese Cambodian families have their children learn Chinese to reaffirm their Chinese identity as Mandarin has been increasingly the primary language of business for Overseas Chinese business communities. One main factor is due to the rise of China's global economic prominence and many Chinese Cambodian business families see Mandarin as a beneficial asset to partake economic links to conduct business between Cambodia and Mainland China.